Quebec City lies on the Saint Lawrence River, roughly three hours east of Montreal. The historic city, the second-oldest existing European settlement in Canada, is charming, traditional and very French. It is divided in two by steep bluffs into Upper Town—which includes the old quarter—and Lower Town. Perched atop Cap-Diamant, the old quarter is the only walled city north of Mexico and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Citadel, Chateau Frontenac, Plains of Abraham and the Quebec Parliament are all attractions located in Upper Town, sharing the space with a variety of shops and markets. The Naval Museum of Quebec and the Old Port of Québec are found in Lower Town, as well as Place-Royal, the site of the first permanent settlement in New France. Quebec City is also famous for the Quebec Winter Carnival, which showcases world-class ice sculpture and more during its annual snowy celebrations.
The Eastern Townships border New England, and get their name from the British system of land division in colonial times. The countryside is characterized by fertile valleys scattered with postcard pretty villages like Knowlton, Frelighsburg and Dunham, founded, in large part, by Loyalists - settlers loyal to the British Crown. Charming, year-round resorts such as North Hatley and Magog on the shores of scenic Lakes Massawippi and Memphrémagog (the origin of their unusual names are Abenaki) have been welcoming visitors for well over a century.